Planting Methods and Seedling Establishment of Artemisia sieberi Besser: Seeds Collected from Isfahan Kolah Ghazi Sagebrush Vegetations

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Member of Young Researchers Club of Islamic Azad University of Ardestan, Iran

2 Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

Wormwood sagebrush (Artemisia sieberi Besser) is one of the most widely distributed shrub species in Iran and Turkistan steppes, its establishment on dry lands has generally been proven difficult because of low seedling vigor, inability to compete with herbaceous species, poor seed quality, and altered edaphic conditions. In order to evaluation of planting methods and seedling establishment, seed of A. sieberi was collected at Isfahan Kolah Ghazi National Park situated at 51°45' Eas longitude and 35°15' Nort latitude. To overcome dormancy effects, seeds were pre-chilled for 9 days at 0 to 5°C. To determine the establishment of the seedlings, the seeds were sown in Petri dishes. The germination percentage was recorded after three weeks. After 5 months, 40 seedlings were transferred into plastic pots. Two months later, 16 seedlings were transferred to the field. The result of plate experiment showed that the percentage of germination was 63%, survival of the sprouted seedlings was 23%, the percentage of the establishment of the seedlings in plastic pots was 70%, and the percentage of the establishment of the seedlings in the field was 75%. On the whole, 7.61% of the cultivated seeds produced seedlings that were successfully established in the field (0.63 ´ 0.23´0.70 ´ 0.75´100 =7.61).

Keywords


Blaisdell, J. P. 1949. Competition between
sagebrush seedlings and reseeded grasses.
Ecol. 30: 512-519
Booth, D.T., Y. Bai and E.E. Roos. 1997.
Preparing sagebrush seed for the market:
Effects of debearder processing. J. Range
Manage. 50:51-54.
Cawker, K. B. 1980. Evidence of climatic
control from population age structure of
A. tridentata nutt in southern British
Columbia, Biogeography. 7: 237-248.
Cook, C.W. and C.E. Lewis 1963.
Competition between big sagebrush and
seeded grasses on foothill ranges in Utah.
J. Range Manage. 16:245-250.
Giner, M., C. Garcia, and G. Selles. 1999.
Aerobiology of Artemisia airborne pollen
in Murcia (Spain) and its relation with
weather, Inter Jour Biometeorology, 43:
51-63.
ISTA (International Seed Testing
Association). 1985. International rules for
seed testing. J. Seed Science and
Technology, 13: 299–355.
Jones, G. P. 1991. Seedling survival and
adult plant water relations of black
sagebrush and big sagebrush in the
Laramie Basin. Ph.D. Thesis, University
of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyo.
Khajedin, S. J. 2000. Plant Community of
Kola Ghazi National Park, J. Agr. Sc. and
Nat. Res. 3: 139-154.
Khajedin, S. J. and S. Soltani Kupaee,
1998. Vegetation Map of Kola Ghazi
National Park, Isfahan provincial
Directory of Environment Protection
Press. 152 Pp.
McArthur, E.D., R. Stevens, and S.B.
Monsen, 1995. Adaptation and success of
big sagebrush and rubber rabbit brush on
disturbed sites. In: G.E. Schuman and
G.F. Vance, eds. Decades later: A time
for reassessment, proceedings of the 12th
Annual Meeting of the American Society
for Surface Mining and Reclamation;
1995 June 3 -8, Gillette, WY. Press of
American Society for Surface Mining and
Reclamation, Princeton, New Jersey,
United States. WV. p. 811-823
Meyer, S. E. 1994. Germination and
establishment ecology of big sagebrush:
implications for community restoration.
Pp. 244-251. In: S.B. Monsen and S.G.
Kitchen (eds.) Proc., on Ecology and
Management of Annual Rangelands, May
18-21, 1992, Boise, ID. USDA Forest
Service, Intermountain Research Station,
Ogden, UT.
Meyer, S., S.B. Monsen, 1992. Big sage
brush germination differences. Journal of
Range manegement, 45: 87-93.
This is trial version
www.adultpdf.com
Journal of Rangeland Science, 2010, Vol. 1, No. 1 A. Jabarzare, et al. / 7
Modares Hashemi, M. 2003. Loss of
dormancy and raising of 8 slat desert
species and their manner of establishment
in the site, a research plan report,
Research Institute of forest and Range
land, Tehran.
Moghimi, J. 2005. Introduction of some
important range species (suitable for
development and improvement of Iran
ranges). Ministry of Jahad agriculture.
Forest,Rangeland and Watershed
Organization, Tehran, 672 Pp.
Mozafarian, V. 1999. Studies and plant
identification on Artemisia species of
Iran. MSc Thesis, Tehran University. 117
Pp.
Scott, M. L. 2005. Seeding Considerations
in Restoring Big Sagebrush Habitat.
USDA Forest Service Proceedings
RMRS-P. 38. 75- 80.
Sturges, D. L. 1977. Soil water withdraws
and root characteristics of big sagebrush.
Amer. Midl. Nat. 98:257-274. 
1 1.