Capability Investigation of Carbon Sequestration in Two Species (Artemisia sieberi Besser and Stipa barbata Desf.) Under Different Treatments of Vegetation Management (Saveh, Iran)

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 Msc. student of rangeland sciences affiliated with the Nour Islamic Azad University, Nour, Mazandaran

2 Assistant Professor with the Nour Islamic Azad University, Nour, Mazandaran

3 Scientific membership with the Nour Islamic Azad University, Nour, Mazandaran


The rangelands, as one of the largest dynamic biomes in the world,
have very capabilities. Regulation of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere,
particularly carbon dioxide as the main greenhouse gases, is one of these cases.
The attention to rangeland, as cheep and reachable resources to sequestrate the
carbon dioxide, increases after the Industrial Revolution. Rangelands comprise the
large parts of Iran as a steppic area. Rudshur (Saveh), as area index of steppic
area, was selected under three sites including long-term exclosure, medium-term
exclosure, and grazable area due to the capability of carbon dioxide’s
sequestration of dominated species. Canopy cover’s percentage of two dominated
species (Artemisia sieberi Besser and Stipa barbata Desf.) was determined via
establishing of random 1 square meter plot. The sampling of above and below
ground biomass style was obtained by complete random. After determination of
ash percentage in the laboratory; conversion ratio of plant biomass to organic
carbon was calculated by ignition method. Results of the paired t-test showed that
the amount of carbon sequestration in above ground and underground biomass of
Artemisia sieberi Besser and Stipa barbata Desf. is different in three regions. It,
of course, has not any difference between under and surface ground’s biomass of
Artemisia sieberi Besser in long-term exclosure. The independent t-test results
indicate differences between underground biomass corresponding each other in
the studied sites. Carbon sequestration in the Stipa barbata Desf. was totally more
than Artemisia sieberi Besser. Altogether, the average sequestration of the longterm
exclosure was 5.842gr/m², the medium-term exclosure was 4.115gr/m², and
grazable area was 5.975gr/m² so that there is not valuable statistical difference in
terms of total amount of carbon sequestration to three sites.


[1]   Abdi, N., H. Maddah arefi & GH. Zahedi amiri, 2007. Estimation of carbon sequestration in Astragalus rangeland of Markazi province (case study: Malmire rangeland in Shazand region). Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 15(2):269-282.(In Persian)
[2]   Akbarzadeh, M. & T. Mirhaji, 2006. Investigating and comparing some usual  rangeland condition monitoring methods suited with site potential in some climatic ragions of Tehran province. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 13(3):222-235. (In Persian)
[3]    Birdsey, R., I. Heath & D. Williams. 2000. Estimation of carbon budget model of the United State forest sectore, advences in terrestrial ecosystem carbon inventoru, Measurements and Monitoring. conferences in Raleigh. North Carolina, October 3-5, 2000. 51-59.
[4]  Bordbar, S.k & S.M. Mortazvi gahromi, 2006. Carbon sequestration potential of Eucalyptus camaldolensis Dehnh. And Acacia salicina Lindl. Plantation in western areas of Fars province. Iranian Journal of Construction and Research. 70(1):95-103.(In Persian)
[5]  Eskandari, N., A. Alizadeh & F. Mahdavi, 2008. Range management policies in Iran. Poneh publications.Pp: 190.(In Persian)
[6]  Frozeh, M.R., Gh.A. Heshmati., Gh.A Ghanbariyan & S.H. Mesbah, 2008. Comparison potential carbon sequestration Helianthemum lippii L. , Dendrostellera lessertii Wikstr. And Artemisia sieberi Besser. in arid rangeland of Iran(case study: Garbayegan Fasa in Fars province). Iranian Journal of Environmen Science.46(2):65-72.(In Persian)
[7]   Gharedaghi, H & A. Jalili, 1999. Comparison and influences of grazing and exclosure on plant composion in the steppic rangeland Rudshur Saveh, Mrkazi province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Range. 43(2):28-34.(In Persian)
[8]   Hashimoto, M., T. Nose & Y Muriguchi, 2002. Wood product, potential carbon sequestration and impact on net carbon emissions of industrialized countries. Journasl of Environmental Science & Policy. 5:183-193.
[9]    Hill, M.J., R. Braaten & G.M. Mckeon. 2003. A scenario calculator for effect of grazing land management on carbon stocks in Australian rangelands. Environmental Modeling & Software, Vol 18, Issue 7, September 2003, 627-644.
[10] Lal, R., 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change, Geoderma, 123: 1-22.
[11] Mahdavi, M., H. Arzani, M. Farahpoor, B. Malekpoor, M.H. Joury & M. Abedi, 2007. Efficiency investigation of Rangeland inventory with Rangeland healthe method. Gorgan Journal of agricultural sciences and natural resources.14(1):158-173, special issue. (In Persian)
[12] Mesdaghi, M., 2004. Range management in Iran. Astane Ghoudse Razavi    publications.Pp: 333. (In Persian)
[13] Mortenson, M & G.E. Shuman. 2002. Carbon sequestration in rangeland interseeded with yellow- flowering Alfalfa(Medicago sativa spp. Falcata). USDA Symposium on Natural Resource Management to offset greenhouse gas emission in University of Wyoming.
[14] Muller, D. and H. Ellenberg. 1974. Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. New York: john Wiley & sons. 574 p.
[15] Taheri, M. 1998.Value of ecological services and natural capital. Estimated annual value of renewable natural resources in forest, rangeland and watershed organization of Iran. Council forest, rangeland and soil.
[16] UNDP, 2000: Carbon Sequestration in the Desertifed Rangelands of Hossein Abad, Through Community Based Management, Program Coordination, 1-7.
[17] William, E., 2002. Carbon dioxid fluxes in a semi arid environment with high carbonate soils. Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology . 116:91-102.
[18] Yong, Z.S., l.Z. Ha & H.Z. Tong, 2003. Influences of grazing and exclosure on carbon sequestration in degraded sandy grassland, Inner Mongolia, North China.,  Journal of Agricultural Research., 46(4): 321-328.
[19] Zhao, H.L., E.X. Zhao & T.H Zhang, 2000. Causes processes and countermeasures of desertification in the interlocked agro-pastoral area of north China. Journal of Desert Research. 20(1):22-28.(In China with English abstract)