ANP Application in Evaluating Ecological Capability of Range Management (Case Study: Badreh Region, Ilam Province)

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry and Rangeland, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Ilam

2 Assistant Professor, Dept. Forest and Rangeland, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ilam University, Ilam

3 Ph.D Student, Forestry, Natural Resource Faculty of Sari


Rangelands are important for plant productivity, livestock production, wildlife,
conservation of soil and water resources, and etc. One of the main problem of rangeland is
that has not been used based on its potential that leads to more degradation of rangelands.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the range management capability of Badreh
region in Ilam province, Iran, using ANP (Analytic Network Process) and GIS
(Geographic Information Systems) techniques. For this regard, firstly, the network of
effective factors in evaluation was designed. Four clusters including vegetation cover,
topography, pedology, and geology were divided into number of sub-criteria. For
determining the relations among these clusters and sub-criteria, a number of questionnaires
distributed among the experts and used to obtain their judgments about the relative
importance of each criterion in rangeland capability. In the next step, based on the limited
super matrixes the final weight of nodes was calculated. The weights of nodes in
evaluating process were extracted by calculating the geometric mean of the questionnaire
weights, as well. After determining the weights of nodes, they were transformed to data
layers. Finally, ecological capability map for range management was provided using WLC
(Weight Linear Combination) technique in GIS. The results showed that 3.00, 21.76,
58.46, 16.79 percent of the study area had very good (or excellent) condition (as first
class), good condition (second class), fair condition (third class), and poor condition
(fourth class) for capability of range management, respectively.