Investigation of Habitat Characteristics and Phenology of Five Range Species in Highlands of Kashan, Iran

Document Type: Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Isfahan

2 Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran

Abstract

Knowledge on habitat characteristics and nature of regional vegetation in
rangelands is a prerequisite for any planning and proper range management along with
sustainable development of renewable natural resources. Rangelands in southern and
western highlands of Kashan, Iran are of good vegetation diversity but unfortunately,
palatable and desirable species are endangered in recent years. This research aims to
investigate habitat characteristics and phenology of five range species including Prangos
latiloba, Prangos uloptera, Ferula ovina, Astragalus eriopodus and Onobrychis
melanotricha. Several field studies were conducted and the distribution of each species in
highlands of Kashan was determined using topographic maps, land capability, and GPS.
Ten key species were selected in each region to study their phenological stages including
vegetative growth, flowering, seed maturity, and seed dormancy. In spring, summer and
autumn, 15-day visits and a 30-day visit in winter were performed. Finally, the distribution
of each species and phenological stages were presented in maps and graphs. Our results
showed that the dormancy period in most species started from early August and continued
until late March. As temperatures rise in late March, vegetative growth starts and continues
until mid-May. Flowering stage was in a period of mid-May and the end of June;
afterwards, seeding stage and seed dispersal have started.

Keywords


Aono, Y., and Kazui, K., 2008. Phenological data series of cherry tree flowering in Kyoto, Japan, and its application to reconstruction of springtime temperatures since the 9th century. International Jour. Climatology, 28(7): 905-914

Azarnivand, H. and Dastmalchi, H., 2000. The phenology of four species of desert areas Kashan, Desert Jour., 5 (2): 15-26. (In Persian).

Azarnivand, H., Tarkesh Esfahani, M., Basiri, M., Zare Chahouki, M. A. and Saidfar, M., 2012. Effects of Growing Degree-Day on Phenology of Onobrychis melanotricha, Jour. Range and Watershed Management, 65(1): 1-10. (In Persian).

Ehsani, A., 2012. Comparison of phenology of Artemisia sieberi in different steppe regions of Iran, Iranian Jour. Range and Desert Research, 19(4): 737-747. (In Persian).

Ghasriani, F. and Heidari sharifabadi, H., 2000. Studies of phenology of main range species in the mountains of Kurdestan province, Research and Reconstruction, 13(2): 58-63. (In Persian).

Hosseini, S. A. and Abarsaji, Gh. A., 2005. Phenology 7 range species endemic halophyte out Incheh-Borun Golestan Station, Research and Reconstruction, 18(4): 87-92. (In Persian).

Jafari, A. A., Anvari, H., Nakhjavan, S. and Rahmani, E., 2010. Effects of Phenological Stages on Yield and Quality Traits in 22 Populations of Tall Wheatgrass Agropyron elongatum Grown in Lorestan, Iran, Jour. Rangeland Science, 1(1): 9-16.

Keneshlo, H. and Amiri, H., 2012. A Study on phenology of Atriplex griffithii for optimal management in the Aftar rangelands of Semnan, Iranian Jour. Range and Desert Research, 19(2): 344-354. (In Persian).

Levy, J. B., 1991. The complete herbal handbook for farm and stable. 4th edition. Faber and Faber. ISBN No. 0-571-116-116-2, 474 p.

Lieth, H., 1974. Phenology and Seasonality Modeling. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 444pp.

Maassoumi, A. A., 2003. Flora of Iran. No. 43. Astragalus genus (Astragalus L.). Research institute of forests and rangelands. 386 p. Tehran, Iran. (In Persian).

Mahall, B. E., THwing, L. K. and Tyler, C. M., 2010. A quantitative comparison of two extremes in chaparral shrub phenology. Flora, 205: 513-526.

Menzel, A., Sparks, T. H., Estrella, N., Koch, E., Aasa, A., 2006. European phonological response to climate change matches the warming pattern. Glob. Change Biol. 12: 1969–1976.

Mortazavi Jahromi, S. M. and Zarandi, P., 2012. Investigation on phenology of Ziziphus genus at Fars province, Iranian Jour. Forest and Poplar Research, 20(1):110-122. (In Persian).

Mozaffarian, V., 1998. A dictionary of Iranian plant names. Farhang Mo'aser publisher, 740 pp., Tehran, Iran. (In Persian).

Najafi Tireh Shabankareh, K., 2004. Consists of phenological study "Zygophyllum atriplicoides" in different elevation zones, Hormozgan province, Iranian Jour. Range and Desert Research, 11 (1): 83-111.

Sadeghian, S., Tayebi Khorrami, M., Habibian, S. H., 2004. Phenology study of four rangeland species at Dehbid site of Fars, Iranian Jour. Natural Resources, 57(2): 367-376. (In Persian).

Salehi, H. and Hoveizeh, H., 2001. Phenology of steppe and semi-steppe species native to warm regions of Khuzestan, Research and Reconstruction, 14: 54-64. (In Persian).

Tajali, A. and Sadeghi pour, A., 2010. Phonological effects on the amount of essential oil compounds Stachys schtschegleevii, Jour. Range Management, 4(1): 130-137. (In Persian).