Herbage and Seed Production of Two Species of Lathyrus L. under Rainfed Condition of Borujerd, Iran

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran,

2 Plant Breeding. Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Borujerd

3 Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Borujerd

4 Agricultural Applied and Practical Sciences Center, Borujerd


Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) has a high potential for forage production in
both rangelands and cultivated rainfed areas of Iran. It is well adapted to semi-arid areas of
west and north of country where annual rainfall is 250–350 mm. To study the seed and Dry
Matter (DM) yield and agronomic traits, six genotypes of Lathyrus sativus L. and two
genotypes of Lathyrus inconspicuous L. were provided by Natural Resources Gene Bank
and sown in a randomized block design with three replications in rainfed area of Borujerd,
Iran during spring 2011 and 2012. Data recorded included stem number per plant, pods
number per plant, seed weight per plant, Dry Matter (DM) yield, seed yield, straw yield,
100 grains weight, flowering date, pod emergence date, maturity date and harvest index
over two years. Results showed that the genotype 1554 with average values of 9328 kg ha-1
DM yield and 3053 kg ha-1 seed yield could be introduced as a promising genotype for
cultivation in rainfed area of Borujerd, Iran. It was concluded that selection for improved
grass pea varieties in dry condition should focus on increased DM yield, and grain yield
coupled with early flowering, more grains per pod, more pod per plant and heavy seeds