Comparison of Experts and Rangers’ Opinions on Prioritizing Barriers in Participation of Rangers in Range Plans (Case Study: Tehran Province- Lar Moor)

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 Rangeland, Department of Rangeland, Boroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd

2 Department of Rangeland, Boroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd

3 Department of Agriculture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran


There are some barriers for rangers to take part in range plan projects and
evaluation. Their participation is very useful for range managers to plan and provide solutions
for solving problems. This study aims at comparing barriers of participating from rangers and
experts point of view in Lar moor rangelands, Tehran, Iran. In this research, data were
collected based on documentation-library and field working. The statistical populations of the
study were 410 rangers and 43 experts that arranged based on Cochran formula, 178 rangers
and 35 experts had answered the distributed questionnaires. Validity and reliability of
questionnaires were assessed by a preliminary test using SPSS software and Cronbach alpha
coefficient. The results of Mann-Whitney U test showed that the opinions of two groups on
both the effects of legislative initiatives, economic, social-cultural and educational barriers and
non-participating rangers in the range projects of Lar moor are the same. But comparing the
experts and rangers` opinions on the effects of management factors on non-participating
rangers showed that the experst`s view of on the effects of this factor are more agreeable than
those of rangers. Also, the results of this test showed that participation rate of rangers in range
projects is the same in terms of both ranger and expert groups. Prioritizong results showed that
from the viewpoint of rangers, economic, legal, educational, social and cultural barriers have
contributed to non-participation of rangers in the range projects. But from the viewpoints of
experts, legal, educational, administrative, socio-cultural and economic barriers are the reasons
of rangers’ non-participation.