Site Selection for Groundwater Artificial Recharge in Silakhor Rangelands Using GIS Technique

Document Type: Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Borujerd

2 Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Lorestan,

3 Memebr of Jahad Daneshgahi, Kermanshah Province

Abstract

Groundwater is among the most important resources of drinking water supply of
the worldwide population. Use of recharge area is one of the methods for artificially
recharging groundwater. Selection of suitable sites for artificial recharge is very important
and must be carried out accurately. There are different types of land use, only rangelands
are appropriate for artificial recharge because of their topographical situations. In this
study, the groundwater artificial recharge suitable area of Silakhor, Borujerd of Iran
rangelands was investigated and extracted using Geographic Information System (GIS) and
Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The layer information of rainfall, soil,
lithology, slope, land use and fault components were prepared and weighed by applying
AHP method and were used for artificial recharge site selection. Aquifer artificial recharge
maps showed that in Silakhor catchment 14%, 64.8% and 21.2% of the area of the
catchment had high, moderate and low capability for artificial recharge, respectively. The
most suitable areas were located in the low land areas.

Keywords