Flora, Life Form and Chorology of Winter and Rural Range Plants in the Northern Khorasan Province, Iran

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Ferdowsi University. Mashhad

2 Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University. Mashhad

Abstract

Floristic studies are fundamental for the applied sciences such as rangeland
management and conservation. Unique ecological and climatic conditions in the Northern
Khorasan Province (NKP) make it a remarkable habitat for the floristic studies. Plant species
were collected from 50 field sites, representing major habitats of winter and rural rangelands.
Surveys were conducted during active growth periods in 2007 and 2008. Plant species were
identified and their chorology and life form determined through laboratory examinations and
by using reference books. Floristic surveys resulted in identification of 534 plant species,
belonged to 315 genus and 68 families. Asteraceae, Poaceae and Fabaceae were respectively
the most abundant plant families. Among the life forms, Hemicryptophytes, Therophytes,
Chamaephytes, Phanerophytes and Geophytes included 45, 32, 9, 7 and 7% of the total
species, respectively. Irano-Turanian was the most dominant (65%) Chorotypes. The
dominance of Hemicryptophytes and Therophytes, as well as vast distribution of
Chamaephytes, can be referred to the simultaneous effects of climate fluctuations and
livestock grazing on the flora of winter and rural rangelands in NKP.

Keywords


Akhani, H., 2005. The illustrated flora of
Goleston National Park, Iran., Tehran
Univ. Press., V0l. 1, 481pp. (In Persian).
Amiri, M.S., Zokaii, M., Ejtehadi, H.,
Mozaffarian, V., 2008. Study of floristics,
life form and chorology of plants in the
Tiregan watershed area, Khorasan
province, Iran. Taribiat Moallem Jour.
Sci., 8(2): 89-106. (In Persian).
Archibold, O.W., 1996. Ecology of world
vegetation. 1st.ed, Chapman and Hall.
London., 510 pp.
Ardakani, M.R., 2006. Ecology. Tehran
Univ. Press. 340 pp. (In Persian).
Asri, U., 2000. An ecological survey of
plant communities of arid regions - Case
study: Touran Biosphere Reserve,
Semnan Province, Iran. PhD. Thesis, R.
& S. unit of Islamic Azad Univ., 302 pp.
(In Persian).
Assadi, M., Maassoumi, A.A., Khatamsaz,
M., Mozaffarian, V., (eds.), 1988. Flora
of Iran., Vols. 1-66., Research Institute of
Forests and Rangelands Publications.,
Tehran. (In Persian).
Aydani, M., 2004. Floristic study of
Ghoroghe-Darkesh area in northwestern
of Khorasan province. M.S. Thesis, R. &
S. unit of Islamic Azad Univ., 232 pp. (In
Persian).
Barbour, M.G., Burk, J.H., Pitts, W.D.,
1987.Terrestrial Plant Ecology., 2nd
Edition, The Benjamin/Cummings
publishing Company., California, USA.
Boissier, P. E. 1867-1888. Flora Orientalis,
Vols: 1-5. Genevae et Basileae
Cumming, J., Reid, N. 2008. Stand-level
management of plantations to improve
biodiversity values. Biodiversity and
Conservation. 17(5): 1187-1211.
Davis, P. H., (ed.), 1965 – 1988. Flora of
Turkey and the east Aegean Islands., 10
Vols. Edinburgh University Press. UK.
Grime, J. P. 2001. Plant Strategies,
Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem
Properties. 2nd edition Wiley, Chichester,
UK.
Heitschmidt, R.K., Stuth, J.W. 1991.
Grazing Management: An Ecological
Perspective. Timber Press, Portland,
Oregon, USA.
Iranbakhsh, A.R., Hamdi, S.M. M., Assadi,
M. 2008. Flora, life forms and
Chorotypes of plants of Garmsar region
in Semnan province, Iran, Pajouhesh &
Sazandegi, 79: 179-199. (In Persian).
Irannezhad Parizi, M. H., Sanei Shariat
Panahi, M., Zobeiri, M., Marvi Mohajer,
M.R., 2001. Study of floristic and
phytogeography in Khabr National Park
and Rouchoun wildlife refuge. Iran Jour
of Natural Resources. 54(2): 111-128. (In
Persian).
Jankju, M., Mellati, F., Bozorgmehr, A.,
2009. Introduction and investigation of
important range plants in the Northern
Khorasan Province. Faculty of Natural
Resources and Environment, Ferdowsi
University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran,
235 pp.
Komarov, V.L., and. Shishkin, B.K. 1963-
1974. Flora of the USSR. Vols. 1-30,
Russia.
Memariani, F., Joharchi, M. R., 2007.
Taxonomy and phytogeography of the
genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in Flora of
Khorasan., Abstract book of 1st national
plant taxonomy conference of Iran.
R.I.F.R., P: 32. (In Persian).
This is trial version
www.adultpdf.com
Journal of Rangeland Science, 2011, Vol. 1, No. 4 M. Jankju et al. /275
Memariani F., Joharchi, M.R., Ejtehadi,
H., Emadzade, Kh., 2009. Contributions
to the flora and vegetation of Binalood
mountain range, NE Iran: Floristic and
chorological studies in Fereizi region.
FUIJBS, 1(1): 1-17. (In Persian).
Nadjafi Tireh –Shabankareh, K., Jalili, A.,
Khorasani, N., Jamzad Z., Asri, U. 2006.
Flora, life forms and chorotypes of plants
in the Genu protected area, Hormozgan
province (Iran), Pajouhesh & Sazandegi,
69: 50-62. (In Persian).
Rechinger, K. H. 1987. Flora Iranica,
Volumn 1-178 Graz :Akademische Druck
Sadeghalnejat, T. 2007. Revision of the
family of Cupressaceae in Khorasan
provinces. Abstract book of 1st National
Plant Taxonomy Conference of Iran.
R.I.F.R., P: 10. (In Persian).
Shaad, Q.A., and Sanjari, G. 2001. Plant
communities in Ashkhaneh area. R.I.F.R.
Press., 72 pp, Tehran, Iran (In Persian).
Sobhani, A., Rajamand, M. 2007. Floristic
study of the plant species of Compositae
family and investigation of life form,
chorotype in Atrak river watershed area
in the north Khorasan, Abstract book of
1st national plant taxonomy conference
of Iran. R.I.F.R., P: 38. (In Persian).
Sobhani, A., Rajamand, M., Naddaf, M.
2007. A Floristic investigation of Shirin
Darreh Dam watershed area, NW
Bojnourd, North Khorasan province.
Abstract book of 1st national plant
taxonomy conference of Iran. R.I.F.R.
Publication, P: 28. (In Persian).
Takhtajan , A. 1986. Floristic Regions of
the World, Translated from Russian by
T.J. Crovello: Berkeley, University of.
California Press, 522 pp.
Tavili, A., Rostampour, M., Zare
Chahouki, M.A., Farzadmehr, J., 2009.
CCA application for vegetationenvironment relationships evaluation in
arid environments (Southern Khorasan
rangelands, Iran), Desert. 14(1): 101-111.
(In Persian).
Townsend, C.C., Guest, E., Omar, S.A.,
Al-kayat, A.H., 1985. Flora of Iraq.,
Vols. 1-4. & 8-9., Ministry of Agriculture
& Agrarian Reform Republic of Iraq.
Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A.,
Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M., Webb,
D.A. 1964-1980. Flora European., Vols.
1-5. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Vakili Shahrbabaki, S.M.A., Atri, M.,
Assadi, M. 2001. Introduction to the
flora, life form and plant geographical
distribution of Meimand region in
Shahrbabak (Kerman), Pajouhesh &
Sazandegi. 52: 75-81. (In Persian).
Vaseghi, P., Ejtehadi, H., Zokaii, M., 2008.
Floristic study, life form and chorology
of plants in Kalat highlands of Gonabad,
Khorasan province, Iran., Tarbiat
Moallem Jour. of Sci., 8(1): 75-88 (in
Persian).
Zohary, M., 1973. Geobotanical
Foundations of the Middle East. Vol. 1-2.
Gustav Fischer Verlag. Translated by
Madjnounian, H., Madjnounian, B.,
(2005). NICALA pub., 500 pp. (In
Persian).
Zohary, M., Heyn, C.C., Haller, D., 1980.
Conspectus Flora Orientalis., Vols: 1-9,
Jerusalem.