Climatic and Environmental Reconstruction Based on Stable Isotopes of Parishan Lake (Iran)

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Eslamic Azad University, Branch of Khorramabad, Khorramabad,

2 Shahid Beheshti University, faculty of earth science. Tehran

3 university of Tehran, faculty of Geography, Tehran

4 Geomorphology, university of Tehran

Abstract

The isotopic documents of lake deposition are suitable potential means for studying
the intercontinental, environmental and climatic conditions. In order to study the
environmental and climatic conditions of Parishan area in Fars province in Holocene, a Core
was taken with the length of 2m from the Parishan lake sediment. From this core, kernel time
series was provided from documents of carbon and oxygen isotopes. Results show that during
the study period, climatic changes because gradual increasing in the value of ∂O18
carb. This
represents a weak dryness process in the area up to now. Contrary to this, carbon isotope
documents during the study period show the more vigorous changes. Variability of ∂C13
carb
values during the study period is known as the result of changes in the value of evacuation of
underground waters to the lake. As it is observed in the process at ∂O18
carb throughout the
study period, ∂C13
carb values have an increasing process, yet the observed changes in ∂C13
carb
value are more vigorous than ∂O18
carb and it seems that variation of underground waters was
not in complete harmony with dryness process of the area. It seems that achievement of
underground waters around the lake in the form of well and aqueduct is the intensify factor
for the reduction of underground inputs to the lake.

Keywords


Aghanabati, A. 2004. Geology of Iran.
Geology organization of Iran publication.
(In Persian)
Andrews, J.E, Riding, R., Dennis, P.E.
1997. The stable isotope record of
environmental and climatic signals in
modern terrestrial microbial carbonates
from Europe. Palaeogeography,
Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 129:
171-189.
Ann P. El-Moslimany, 1987. The late
Pleistocene climates of the Lake Zeribar
region (Kurdistan, western Iran) deduced
from the ecology and pollen production
of nonarboreal vegetation, J. of plant
Ecology, 72:131-139.
Aplinarska Karina and Dan Hammarlund.
2009. Multi-component stable isotope
records from Late Weichselian and early
Holocene lakesediments at Imiol--ki,
Poland: palaeoclimatic and
methodological implications. J. of
quaternary science DOI: 10.1002/jqs.
1274.
Benson L.V. Benson, J.W. Burdett, M.
Kashgarian, S.P. Lund, F. M. Philips,
R.O. Rye.1996. Climatic and
hydrological oscillationsinoscillations in
the Ownes Lake Basin, and adjacent
Sierra Nevada, California, Science, 274:
746-749.
Bintliff, J.L. and van Van Zeist, W. 1983.
Palaeoclimates, palaeoenvironment-and
This is trial version
www.adultpdf.com
214 / J. of Range. Sci., 2011, Vol. 1, No. 3 Climatic and Environmental…
hunman comnniunities in the eastern
Mediterranean region laterregion later
prehistory. BAR International Series 133,
Oxford: British
ArchaeolovicalArchaeological Reports.
Bottema, S. 1986: A late Quaternary pollen
diagram from Lake Urmia (northwestern
Iran). Review of Palaeobotany and
Palynology, 47: 241-61.
Dajamali Morteza, de Bealieu JacquesLouis, Andrieu-Ponel Valerie, Berberian
Manuel, F.miller Naomi,Gandouin
Emmanuel, Lahijani Hamid, Shahhosseini Majid, Ponel Philippe,Salimian
Mojtaba,Guiter Frederic.2009. J.of
Archaeological Science xxx, 23: 1-12. (In
Persian)
Djamali, Morteza. Jacques-Louis de
Beaulieu, Madjid Shah-hosseini, Valérie
Andrieu-Ponel,Philippe Ponel,
Abdolhossein Amini, Hossein Akhani,
Suzanne A.G. Leroy, Lora Stevens,
Hamid Lahijani, Simon Brewer,.2008. A
late Pleistocene long pollen record from
Lake Urmia, NW Iran, Quaternary
Research, 69: 413–420. (In Persian)
Djamali, Morteza. Jacques-Louis, De
Beaulieu. Naomi F, Miller. Vale´rie,
Andrieu-Ponel. Philippe, Ponel. Razieh,
Lak. Nasser, Sadeddin. Hossein, Akhani.
Hassan, Fazeli, 2009. Vegetation history
of the SE section of the Zagros
Mountains during the last five millennia;
a pollen record from the Maharlou Lake,
Fars Province, Iran. Veget Hist
Archaeobot, 18:123–136. (In Persian)
Easwood J. Warren, Melanie J. Leng, Neil
Roberts and Basil Davis. 2007 Holocene
climate change in the eastern
Mediterranean region: a comparison of
stableisotopestable isotope and pollen
data from Lake Go¨ lhisar, southwest
Turkey. J. of quaternary science, 22:
327–341.
El-Moslimany, A.P. 1986: Ecology and
late Quaternary history of the KurdoZagrosian oak forest near Lake Zeribar.
westernWestern Iran. Vegetatio, 68: 55-
63.
Fan, Majie. David L. Dettman, Chunhui
Song, Xiaomin Fang, Carmala N.
Garzione.2007. Climatic variation in the
Linxia basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, from
13.1 to 4.3 Ma: The stable isotope record.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology,
Palaeoecology, 247: 313–328.
Farrand, W.R. 1979: Blank on the
Pleistocene map. Geographical
Magazine, 5: 48-54.
Griffiths I. Huw, Schwalb, Antji, Stevens
R. Lora. 2001. Environmental change in
southwestern Iran: tThe Holocene
ostracoda fauna of Lake Mirabad. The
Holocene, 11: 757-764.
Hammarlund. Dan, Svante Bjorck, Bjorn
Buchardt, Carsten Israelson, Charlotte T.
Thomsen. 2003. Rapid hydrological
changes during the Holocene revealed by
stable isotope records of lacustrine
carbonates from Lake Igelsjon, southern
Sweden. Quaternary Science Reviews,
22: 353-370.
Hutchinson, G. F. and Cowgill, U.M.
1963: Chemical examination of a core
from Lake Zeribar. Iran. Science140: 67-69.
Jones D. Matthew, Robert C. Neil . 2007.
Interpreting lake isotope record of
Holocene environmental change in the
Eastern Mediterranean. Quaternary
international, 181: 32-38.
Jones, M. Palaeoclimatic research within
the Mamasani Archaeological Project.
unpublished data.
Kehl, M., Frechen, M., Skowronek, A.,
2005. Palaeosol derived from loess and
loess-like sediments in the Basin of
Perspolis, southern Iran. Quaternary
International, 45: 135-149.
Kehl, M., Sarvati, R., Ahmadi, H.,
Frechen, M., Skowronek, A., 2005.
Loess- Paleosol sequences along a
climatic gradient in Northern Iran.
Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart, 55: 149-173.
This is trial version
www.adultpdf.com
Journal of Rangeland Science, 2011, Vol. 1, No. 3 D. Noorollahi, et al. / 215
Kelts, K. and Shahrabi, M. 1986. Holocene
sedimentology of hypersaline Lake
UrmiaUremia. northwestern Iran.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology,
Palaeoecology. 54: 105-30.
Kim, S., O' Neil, J.R., 1997. Equilibrium
and nonequilibrium oxygen isotope
effects in synthetic carbonates.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61:
3461–3475.
Lahijani. H, V Tavakoli and M.
Hosseindoost. 2007. History of Caspian
Environmental Changes by Stable
Isotope Records. J. of Coastal Research.
50: 438-442. (In Persian)
Leng. J. Melanie, and Jim D. Marshall.
2004. Palaeoclimate interpretation of
stable isotope data from lake sediment
archives. Quaternary Science Reviews,
23:811 -831.
Mark Buhay William, Shawna Simpson,
Harvey Thorleifson, Mike Lewis, John
King, Alice Telka, Paul Wilkinson, Jeff
Babb, Sandra Timsic And Dan Bailey.
2009. A 1000-year record of dry
conditions in the eastern Canadian
prairies reconstructed fromoxygenfrom
oxygen and carbon isotope measurements
on Lake Winnipeg sediment organics. J.
of quaternary science, 24: 426–436.
(In Persian)
Megard. R.O. 1967. Late-Quaternary
Cladocerat of Lake Zeribar, western Iran.
Ecology, 48:179-89.
Ramezani, E. Mohammad R. Marvie M.,
Hans-Dieter K., Ahmadi H.and Joosten,
H. 2008. The late-Holocene vegetation
history of the Central Caspian
(Hyrcanian) forests of northern Iran. The
Holocene, 18: 307–321. (In Persian)
Roberts. N, J. M. Reed, M.J. Leng, C.
Kuzucuoglu, M. Fontugne J. Bertaux, H.
Woldring, S. Bottemaj S. Black, E. Hunt'
and M. Karabiyiko'lu. 2001. The tempo
of Holocene climatic change in the
eastern Mediterranean region: new highresolution crater-lake sediment data from
central Turkey. The Holocene,11: 721-736.
Rozanski K. Rozanski, L. Araguas, R.
Gonfiantini. 1992. Relation between
long-term trends of oxygen -18 isotope
composition of precipitation and climate,
Science, 258: 981-985.
Schwilb. Antje, Stephen J. Burns, Kerry
Kelts 1999. Holocene environments from
stable isotope stratigraphy of
ostracodsand authigenic carbonate in
Chilean Altiplano Lakes.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology,
Palaeoecology, 148: 153–168.
Scshilman Bettina, Miryam Bar-Matthews,
Ahuva Almongi-Labin,Boaz Luz. 2001
Global climate instability reflected by
Eastern Mediterranean marine records
during the late Holocene.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology,
Palaeoecology. 176: pp.157-176.
Shahrabi, M. 1994. Geology of Iran (Seas
and lakes of Iran) Geology organization
of Iran publication. The Holocene, 12:
850-859.
Snyder, J. A., Wasylik, K., Fritz, S.C. and
Wright, H.E. Jr, 2001. Diatom-based
conductivity reconstruction and
palaeoclimatic interpretation of a 40-ka
record from Lake Zeribar, Iran. The
Holocene, 11: 737-745.
Stevens R. Lora, Ito Emi, Schwalb Antji,
Wright Jr Herbert. 2006. Timing of
atmospheric precipitation in Zagros
Mountain inferred from a multi-proxy
record from lake Mirabad, Iran.
Quaternary research, 66: 494-500.
Stevens, L.R., Wright, H.E. Jr and Ito, E.
2001. Proposed changes inseasonalityin
seasonality of climate during the
LateglacialLate glacial and Holocene at
Lake Zeribar, Iran. The Holocene, 11:
747-755.
Tanner, H. Lawrence. 2010. Chapter 4
Continental Carbonates as Indicators of
Paleoclimate development in
sedimentology, 62:179- 214.
This is trial version
www.adultpdf.com
216 / J. of Range. Sci., 2011, Vol. 1, No. 3 Climatic and Environmental…
Van Zeist, W. and Bottema, S. 1977:
Palyinological investigations in western
lranIran. Palaeohistoria, 19: 19-95.
Van Zeist, W. and Wright, H. E. 1963.
Preliminary pollen studies at Lake
Zeribar, Zagros Mountains, and
southwestern Iran. Science, 140: 65-67.
Wang R.L.; Scarpitta S.C.; Zhang
S.C.; Zheng M. P. 2002. Later
Pleistocene/Holocene climate conditions
of Qinghai-Xizhang Plateau (Tibet) based
on carbon and oxygen stable isotopes of
Zabuye Lake sediments, Earth and
Planetary Science Letters, Volume, 203:
461-477.
Wasylikowa. K. 1967: Late
QuternaryQuaternary plant macrofossils
from Lake Zeribar, western Iran. Review
of Palaeobotany and Palinology, 2: 13-
18.
Wich Lucia. Genry Lemcke and Michael
Sturm 2003. Evidence of Lateglacial and
Holocene climatic change and human
impact in eastern Anatolia: highresolution pollen, charcoal, isotopic and
geochemical records from the laminated
sediments of Lake Van, Turkey. The
Holocene, 13: 665-675.
Xu. Hai, Li Ai, Liangcheng Tan, Zhisheng
An. 2006. Stable isotopes in bulk
carbonates and organic matter in recent
sediments of Lake Qinghai and their
climatic implications, J. of Chemical
Geology, 235: 262–275.