An Introduction on the Endangered Medicinal Species of Mountain’s Kelavs (Kelussia Odoratissima Mozaff.) in Central Zagros in Kohgiluyeh Region, Iran

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Gorgan University, Gorgan

2 Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, University of Tehran

3 Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Tehran University


Medicinal species of mountain’s kelavs, scientifically named (kelussia odoratissmia Mozaffar.) is an endemic species in Iran. Kelussia odoratissima is a perennial species and belongs to the umbelliferae. From the ancient times, the local and nomad societies had believed that the species traditionally have anti-ache, anti-inflation and anti-cough effects. Seed and root of this species are boiled used to cure the common cold and intense coughs and its organs are been used to treat the stomachache, rheumatism and blood refining. The main purpose of this study was to introduce of K. odoratissima as an endangered medicinal species in Kohgiluyeh region, Iran. Geologic, topographic, climatologic information derived of the maps of them. Soil and plant cover data had been collected using quadrates establishing and analyzed. Result showed that soil texture was sandy clay loam and sandy loam that had %3.25 organic carbon. Annual rainfall was 865 mm that larger portion of it was snow. The Habitat of K.odoratissima was in the range of 2450 to 3000 m of sea level. The region geologically had Asmari, Pabedeh and Gourpi formations. Generally, the habitat of K. odoratissima was in snowy regions of central Zagros with minimum height of 2500 m, mean rainfall was more than 500 mm, with frost period more than 4 months, minimum temperature of -15°C and maximum temperature of 25°C, low depth to half-deep soil with the medium texture and with different slopes.