Investigating Factors affecting the Success of Official and Unofficial Range Management Cooperatives in three provinces of Iran

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 PhD candidate of range management in Gorgan university of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

2 Associate Professor, Department of Range Management,Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education,Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

4 Associate Professor, Department of Rural Development,Isfahan University of technology


The aim of this study was to investigate the members’ opinions regarding the influencing factors contributing the success of range management cooperatives in three provinces as Markazi, Tehran and Isfahan of Iran in 2014. The study populations were board and ordinary members of cooperatives (N=750) and the samples were selected using Krejcie and Morgan method through stratified and random sampling (n=98). Data of questionnaires were collected using scaling method. Statistical tests of Chronbach's alpha coefficient indicated high validity and reliability of data. The results demonstrated that the unofficial range management cooperatives were more successful compared to the official ones, but in overall, both cooperatives were not successful in achieving the given goals in the system and satisfying the expectations of members. To study the effects of independent variables on the success of both cooperatives, path analysis and multivariate regression were used. The results showed that the factors of education, technical skills of managers, social participation, financial elements, performance of public departments and knowledge of members as the promotion factors had the most impact on the success of the official cooperatives. For unofficial cooperatives, education, financial fairness, comprehension skills of managers, experience and skills of members and performance of public departments had the highest effects on the success of these cooperatives.


Main Subjects

Amini, A. M. and Ramezani, M., 2006. Evaluation of factors affecting the success of poultry-farm cooperatives in Tehran province. Jour. Agricultural Economics and Development, 55: 67-89. (In Persian(.
Atmis, E., Gunsen, H. B., Lise, B. and lise, W., 2009. Factors affecting forest Cooperatives participation in forestry in Turkey. Jour. Forest Policy and Economics, 11: 102-108.
Bhuyan, S., 2007. The people factor in cooperatives: An analysis of members attitudes and behavior. Canadian Jour. Agricultural, 55(3): 275-298.
Biranvand, A. H., 2015. Factors affecting the failure of cooperative companies of Rehabilitation and exploitation of natural resources in Lorestan province. Proceeding of sixth national conference of range and range management Sari, Iran. )In Persian(.
Carmines, E. and Zeller, R., 1979. Reliability and validity Assessment, Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif.
Fakoy, E., Agbonlahar, M. and Dipcolu, A., 2007. Attitudes of women farmers towards sustainable land management practices in south-western Nigeria. Jour. Agricultural Sciences, 3 (4(: 536- 542.
Garnevska, E., Liu, G. and Shad bolt, N. M., 2011. Factors for successful development of farmer Cooperatives in Northwest China. Jour. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 14(4): 69-84.
Gravandi, SH. and Ali Beigi, A., 2011. Causes of latency in Beef farming cooperatives in the city of Kermanshah: A Case Study of Cooperatives 348. Jour. Agriculture and Cooperatives 22(5): 67-77. )In Persian(.
Harda, N., 2003. Who succeeds As an Entrepreneu An Analysis of the post Entry performance of New Firms in Japan. Jour. Japan and the World Economy,15(2): 211-222.
Isfahani, M. and Khazaeii, C., 2010. Factors affecting the efficiency of cooperative farmers of South Khorasan province, Iran. Jour. Agricultural Economics Research, 2(4): 165-180. )In Persian(.
Jolliffe, F. R., 1986. Survey Design and Analysis. Haleston press, New York.
Jones, M. J., 2003. Evaluation of Honduran forestry Cooperatives: five case studies, unpublished M.Sc. thesis of science in forestry Michigan technological university.
Karami, SH. and Agahi, H., 2010. Factors affecting cooperatives Success: The Case study of off-season production cooperatives in the province of Kermanshah. Jour. Rural Development, 2: 31-60. )In Persian(.
Krywkow, J. and Hare, M., 2008. Participatory process management. Proceedings of the First International Congress on Environmental Modeling and software, EMSS, PP-888-899.
Lee, S., 2007. Diversification of the Rural Economy: A case study on Rural Industrialization in the Republic of Korea. Pyongyang: INSES.
Mau Dung, C., 2011. Characteristics of the Agricultural cooperatives and its service performance in Bac Ninh province, Vietnam. Philippines: International society for Southeast Asian Agricultural sciences (ISSAAS), the (ISSAAS), Vol.17(1).
Maleki, M., 2012. Investigating inactivity reasons of range management cooperatives in north-western provinces. Jour. Rangeland, 2: 176-185. )In Persian(.
Manouchehri, M. A., Karami, A., Samanpvr, A. and Azadi, B., 2012. Evaluation of the success of cooperative firms in various economic sectors Fars province. Yasouj. Publication Department of Cooperative of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Yasouj Iran. )In Persian(.
Nyoro, J. and Isaac, K., 2005. An Analysis of success, Failure and Demand Factors of Agricultural Cooperatives in Kenya. In: strategies and Analsis for Growth and Access. A project of cornell and clark Atlanta universities for Research and Technical Assistance. Ithaca: cornell university.
Shahraki, M., 2011. Analysis of effective factors in success of range management cooperatives in Golestan province. Thesis M.Sc. of Range Management. Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, p 165. )In Persian(.
Shemshad, M., Malek Mohammadi, A. and Hosseininia, Gh., 2012. Identification and analysis of factors affecting employment in the cooperatives of natural resources in Golestan province. Jour. Human Geography, 79: 141-156. )In Persian(.
Tabachnick, B. G and Fidell, L. S., 1983. Using Multivariate Statistics. New York: Harper and Row publication.
Uche, M. N., Petersand, K. J., and Bokelmann, W., 2010. Can Cooperative member ship and participation affect adoption decisions? Issues for sustainable biotechnology dissemination. Agricultural Manage. Econ, volume 12, number 3 & 4. Article 18.
Vanderrwalt, L., 2005. The Resuscitation of the Cooperative Sector in South Africa. Paper presented at the International Cooperative Alliance XXI international Cooperative Research Conference, Cork, Ireland, August. 11-14.
Wang, L., 2012. Success cases and good practices in forest farmer Cooperative organization in china. Food and Agricultural organization of united Nations. Rome, Italy.
Xiangyuo, M., 2010. study on funcitions of the theory and application of the Analytical Hierarchy process. European Jour. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 1: 477-482.
Zamani, Q., Abdi, B., 2009. Effective social factors in cooperation of farmers in establishment of watershed cooperatives in Fars province. Jour. Agriculture and Cooperatives 210: 118-134. )In Persian(.