Indicator Species for Rangeland Management by Anp-Dematel method (Case Study: Nahavand Rangeland)

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article


1 M.Sc Student, Department of Rangeland Management, Young Researchers and elite Club, Boroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

3 Associate Prof., Dept. of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran


The wide ecological area consists of a rangeland with special vegetation and one of the key factors in rangeland management is to select Management Indicator Species (MIS). Management indicator species based on a new method such as Analytical Network Process-Decision Making Trial and Evaluation (ANP-DEMATEL) is one of the most important stages in the successful Range management as choosing a suitable species for the site can be the key to success. This paper provides research contribution on selecting management indicator species using ANP-DEMATEL for the Range management of Nahavand rangeland in Hamedan, Iran in 2016. This research as a guide to determine the best Management Indicator Species (MIS) was interested in how to use ANP-DEMATEL approach using Super Decisions software version 2.8. The criteria of species selection were grazing pressure, soil conservation, palatability, and beekeeping value and a set of species for criteria included Acanthophyllum microcephalum, Thymus kotschyanus, Hypericum perforatum, Bromus tomentellus, Tragopogon graminifolius, Malabaila secacul, Festuca ovina, Poa bulbosum, Hordeum bulbosum and Medicago sativa. Criteria were identified as the most preferable options. Results showed that grazing pressure and soil conservation with the values of 2.001 and 1.125 were the best criteria for the range management. Among species, Medicago sativa, Thymus kotschyanus, Hypericum perforatum and Acanthophyllum microcephalum (0.1454, 0.1387, 0.1247 and 0.1155) contributed to rangeland management objectives. The result of this study showed that the multi-criteria decision making and ANP-DEMATEL can provide accurate results and help rangeland managers to overcome knowledge gaps under complex ecological conditions.


Main Subjects

Amini, A., Mehrdadi, N., Karami, Sh., Ghivechi, S., Hoveidi, H., 2016. A Multivariate Model for Assessing the Environmental Effects of Asphalt Roads (Case Study: East Hamedan Belt), Jour. Transportation Engineering, 5(4): 435-448. (In Persian).
Amiri, F., Arzani, H., Gavili, E., 2013. Diversity investigation of pollen and nectar plants in apicultural utilization management of rangelands (Case Study: Ghareh Aghach Watershed), Jour. Natural Environment, Iranian Jour. Natural Resources, 65(4): 449-460.  (In Persian).
Aragonés-Beltrán, P., Pastor-Ferrando, J. P., García-García, F., & Pascual-Agulló, A., 2010. An analytic network process approach for siting a municipal solid waste plant in the metropolitan area of Valencia (Spain). Jour. Environmental Management, 91(5): 1071-1086.
Ariapour, A., Veisanloo, F., Asgari, M., 2014. An Application of Fuzzy TOPSIS Method for Plant Selection in Rang Improvement (Case Study: Borujerd Rangeland, Lorestan Province, Iran). Jour. Rangeland Science, 4(3): 183-194. (In Persian).
Badripour, H., Eskandari, N., and Rezaei, S. A., 2006. "Rangelands of Iran, an Overview". Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Forest Range and Watershed Management Organization, Technical Office of Rangeland, Tehran, Iran, Pooneh. (In Persian).
Chen, C. A., Lee, M. H., & Yang Y. H., 2012. Branding Taiwan for tourism using the DEMATEL and ANP methods. The Service Industries Journal, 32(8): 1355-1373.
Fontela, E., Gabus, A., 1976. The DEMETAL observer, DEMETAL Report. Battelle Geneve Research Centre, Switzerland Geneva. Report 1.
Gabus, A., Fontela, E., 1972. World problems, an invitation to further thought within the framework of DEMATEL .Geneva, Switzerland: Battelle Geneva Research Center.
Gauch, H. G., 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology, Cambridge University Press Cambridge, UK. 360p.
Hsu, C. W., Hu, A. H., 2009. Applying Hazardous Substance Management to Supplier Selection Using Analytical Network Process. Jour. Cleaner Production, 17(2): 255-264.
Lee, H., Kim, C., Cho, H., & Park, Y., 2009. An ANP-based technology network for identification of core technologies: a case of telecommunication technologies. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(1): 894-908.
Lee, W. S., Huang, A. Y., Chang, Y. Y., & Cheng, C. M., 2011. Analysis of decision making factors for equity investment by DEMATEL and Analytic Network Process. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(7): 8375-8383.
Liou, J. J., Tzeng, G. H., & Chang, H. C., 2007. Airline safety measurement using a hybrid model. Jour. Air Transport Management, 13(4): 243-249.
Lu, D., Gong, Z., Wang, Z., Zhang, D., Gao, J., Wang, D., 2013. Development of an Optimized Forage Harvest Machinery System Selection Factors Analysis Model Using Analytic Network Process and DEMATEL, Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 10: 40-51.
Mendoza, G. A., Martins, H., 2006. Multi-criteria decision analysis in natural resource management: a critical review of methods and new modeling paradigms. Forest Ecology and Management. 230: 1-22.
Moffett, A, Sarkar, S., 2006. Incorporating multiple criteria into the design of conservation area networks: a mini review with recommendations. Diversity and Distributions. 12: 125-137.
Moslemi, M., 1997. Relationship between vegetation and soil using the ordination method, the national park of Kolahghazi, range management master's thesis, University of Tarbiat Modarres. 106 pp. (In Persian).
Mousavi, S. A., Arzani, H., Sharzei, GH., Azarnivand, H., Farahpour, M., Engel, S., Alizadeh, E., Nazari-Samani, A., 2014. Economic valuation of rangelands’ soil conservation function, case of Mid-Taleghan rangelands. Jour. Range and Watershed management. 67(3): 317-331. (In Persian).
Nekhay, O., Arriaza, M., & Boerboom, L., 2009. Evaluation of soil erosion risk using Analytic Network Process and GIS: a case study from Spanish mountain olive plantations. Jour. Environmental Management, 90(10): 3091-3104.
Pourkhabbaz, H. R., Aghdar, H., Mohamadyari, F., Javanmardi, S., 2015. Application of Multi Criteria Decision Making Method and the Integrated ANP- DEMATEL and FAHP Model for Agricultural Land Suitability Analysis (Case study: Behbahan Plain). Jour. Environmental Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2, 429-445. (In Persian).
Pourkhabbaz, H. R., Javanmardi, S., Yavari, A. R., Faraji Sabokbar, H., 2013. Application of Multi Criteria Decision Making Method and the Integrated ANP- DEMATEL Model for Agricultural Land Suitability Analysis (Case study: Qazvin Plain). Jour. Environmental Studies, Vol. 39, No. 3, 151-164. (In Persian).
Saaty, T. L., 1996. Decision making with dependence and feed-back: the analytic network process. , RWS Publications, Pittsburgh.
Saaty, T. L., 2001.The analytic network process: decision making with dependence and feedback: RWS Publ.82: 303-329.
Sadeghi Ravesh, M. H., Khosravi, H., 2015, Application of Network Analysis Process (ANP) in assessing desertification strategies, Desert Ecosystem Engineering, 4(8): 11-24. (In Persian).
Schmoldt, D. L., Kangas, J., Mendoza, G. A., 2001. The analytic hierarchy process in natural resource and environmental decision making. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishing. 306 p.
Sener, S., Sener, E., & Karaguzel, R., 2011. Solid waste disposal site selection with GIS and AHP methodology: a case study in Senirkent-Uluborlu (Isparta) Basin, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 173(1-4): 533-554.
Taghizadeh Herat, A., Noorossana, R., Parsa, S., & Shariatmadari Serkini, E., 2012. Using DEMATEL-analytic network process (ANP) hybrid algorithm approach for selecting im-provement projects of Iranian excellence model in healthcare sector. African Jour. Business Management, 6(2): 627-645. (In Persian).
Tsai, W. H., and Chou, W. C., 2009. Selecting management systems for sustainable development in SMEs: a novel hybrid model based on DEMATEL, ANP, and ZOGP. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(2): 1444-1458.
Tsai, W. H., Lee, P. L., and Shen, Y. S., 2014. A Combined Evaluation Model for Encouraging Entrepreneurship Policies. Springer Science Business Media. Annals of Operations Research, 221(1): 449.
Tseng, M. L., 2009. Application of ANP and DEMATEL to evaluate the decision making of municipal solid waste management in Metro Manila. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 156(1-4): 181-197.
Vasiljević, T. Z., Srdjević, Z., Bajčeti ć, R., & Miloradov, M. V., 2012. GIS and the analytic hierarchy process for regional landfill site selection in transitional countries: a case study from Serbia. Environmental Management, 49(2): 445-458.
Wang, Y. L., & Tzeng, G. H., 2012. Brand marketing for creating brand value based on a MCDM model combining DEMATEL with ANP and VIKOR methods. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(5): 5600-5615.
Wu, C. R., Chang, C. W., Lin, H. L., 2008. "A Fuzzy ANP-Based Approach to Evaluate Medical Organizational Performance". Information and Management Sciences, 19(1): 53-74.
Yang, J. L., & Tzeng, G. H., 2011. An integrated MCDM technique combined with DEMATEL for a novel cluster-weighted with ANP method. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(3): 1417-1424.
Yang, Y. P. O., Shieh, H. M., Leu, J. D., & Tzeng, G. H., 2008. A novel hybrid MCDM model combined with DEMATEL and ANP with applications. International Jour. Operations Research, 5(3): 160-168.
Yeh, T. M., Pai, F. Y., Liao, C. W., 2014. Using a Hybrid MCDM Methodology to Identify Critical Factors in New Product Development. Neural Compute and Applic, 24: 957-971.
Zakerian, M., Musavi, M. N., Bagheri Kashkoli, A., 2014. Environmental Issues and Sustainable Development in Yazd Province. Geography Journal, 11(39): 292-315. (In Persian).
  • Receive Date: 03 January 2017
  • Revise Date: 12 December 2017
  • Accept Date: 16 December 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 July 2018