Genus Salsola: Its Benefits, Uses, Environmental Perspectives and Future Aspects - a Review

Document Type : Review and Short Length Article


1 The University College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

2 The University college of Agriculture, The University of Sargodha

3 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faislabad

4 University of Agriculture, Faislabad

5 QAAFI, University of Queensland


Genus Salsola, a genus of annual semi-dwarf to dwarf shrubs and woody tree species, is widely distributed across the arid and semi-arid areas of the world. Several features like high fodder value, abundant seed production, tolerance to extreme climatic conditions like high temperature and prolonged drought conditions contributed significantly towards its success as a potential forage species in semi-arid to arid environments. Species of this genus are of significant importance and species like Salsola soda are cultivated and consumed as vegetables in Italy, while others (S. tragus and S. baryosoma) are utilized as livestock fodder in arid and dry areas. The species of genus Salsola are grouped as halophytes, which are also useful for rehabilitation and reclamation of degraded saline lands and saline soils, respectively. Many plants of this genus are used in medicines and cosmetics as they are cure for human heart, skin diseases, cough and influenza. This paper comprises a comprehensive review on the important species of Salsola, along with its medicinal uses and other useful properties that will aid the researcher in determining the need of future research. We focus on the adaptive features of genus Salsola plants for their effective utilization in drought prone semi-arid to arid conditions and also to remediate degraded saline soils.


Main Subjects

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  • Receive Date: 24 April 2017
  • Revise Date: 14 December 2017
  • Accept Date: 09 December 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 July 2018