Ecological Survey of the Presence and Absence of Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss. and Ferula persica Willd. in North-Western Rangelands of Iran (Case Study: Zanjan Province)

Document Type: Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Ardabil.

2 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil.

3 Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj

4 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ecological factors on distribution, presence and absence of species Ferula ovina and F. persica in the semi-arid rangelands of Zanjan province, Iran in 2015. The locations of ten 4m2 plots with 15m spacing on three 150 m long transects were systematically randomized and determined in each key area within each habitat. The soil surface features including total canopy cover, canopy cover of target species, bare soil and stone and gravel on the soil surface were estimated. Three mixed soil samples from the locations at the beginning, middle, and end of each transect from depth of 0-30 cm were collected to determine soil properties. Physiographic and climate factors of each selected site were determined. Independent sample t-test and one-way analysis of variance were conducted to compare the related parameters and the discriminant analysis was also performed to determine the importance of environmental variables on the presence and absence of the target species. The results showed that in F. persica habitat, the percentage of total neutralizing value and silt was less than that in the absence area of the species. In contrast, in F. ovina habitat, the amount of these variables was significantly higher than that in the absence area of the specie. The results of discriminant analysis showed that temperature parameters, altitude, sand and gravel percent on the soil surface, electrical conductivity, total neutralizing value and rainfall in the first canonical function had the highest value and they were the first factors affecting species distribution and location differentiation. However, presence and absence of species in the target habitats are often dependent on some variables such as pH, soil silt percent, aspect, precipitation and minimum temperature..

Keywords

Main Subjects


Akbarlou, M. & Nodehi, N., 2016. Relationship between Some Environmental Factors with Distribution of Medicinal Plants in Ghorkhud Protected Region in Northern Khorasan Province (Iran). Jour. Rangeland Science, 6 (1): 63-72. (In Persian).

Aghajanlou, F., Fayaz, M., Mussavi, A. & Abdinejad, P., 2015. Ecological Regions of Iran: Vegetation Types of Zanjan Province. Technical publication, Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, 126p. (In Persian).

Asadian, G., Javadi ,S. A., Jafary, M., Arzani, H. & Akbarzadeh, M., 2017. Relationship between environmental factors and plant communities in enclousure rangelands. Jour. Rangeland Science, 7(1): 20-34. (In Persian).

Azhir, F. & Shahmoradi, A. A., 2007. Autecological study of Ferula ovina in rangelands of Tehran province. Jour. Range and Desert Research, 3(21):359-367. (In Persian).

Barnes, B.V., Pregitzer, K. S. & Spies, T. A., 1982. Ecological forest site classification. Jour. Forestry, 80: 493-498.

Burt, R., 2004. Soil Survey Laboratory methods. Soil Survey Investigations Rep. 42, vs. 4.0. USDA, Natural Resources Con- serv. Serv. Washington, DC.

Cain, S. A., 1938. The species- area curve. Amerrican Midland Naturalist, 21: 81-146.

Davies, K.V., Bates, J. D. & Miller, R. F., 2006. Vegetation characteristics across part of the Wyoming big sagebrush alliance. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 59: 567-575.

Dyakov, N. R., 2014. Gradient analysis of vegetation on the South slope of Vitosh Mountain (South west Bulgaria). Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 12(4): 1003-1025.

Gemedo, D., Brigitte, L. M. & Johannes, I., 2014. Relationships between vegetation composition and environmental variables in the Borana rangelands (Southern Oromia). Ethiopia Sinet, Ethiopia. Jour. Science, 37(1): 1- 12.

Ghahreman, A.,1993. Plant systematics (Kormophytes of Iran). Vol 2. Center of Academic publishing, 842p, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian).

Ghorbani, A., Abbassi Khalaki, M., Omidi, A. & Zare hesari, B., 2015. Compare some ecological factors affecting the distribution of plants species A. austriaca and A. fragrans wild. Jacq. in southeastern rangelands of Sabalan. Jour. Rangeland, 9(2): 129-141 (In Persian).

Gonzales-Alcaraz, M.N., Jimenez-Carceles, F.J., Alvarez, y. & Alvarez-Rogel, J., 2014. Gradient of soil salinity and moisture and plant distribution in a Mediterranean Semi- Arid Saline watershed: A model of soil plant relationships for contributing to the management. Jour. Catena, 115: 150-158.

Jafarian, Z., Arzani, H., Jafari, M., Zahedi, Gh. & Azarnivand, H., 2008. Analyzing the relationship between distribution or plant communities and climatic and physiographic factors using classification and ordination methods in Rineh Rangelands. Jour. Rangeland, 6: 125-141. (In Persian).

Jongman, RHG., Ter Break ,CJF. & Van Tongeren, OFR., 1987. Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Center Fire Agricultural Publishing and Documentation. wageningen. 299 p.

Khatibi, R., Ghasemi Arian, Y., Jahantab, E, and Haji hashemi, M. R., 2012. Investigation on relationships between soil properties and vegetative. Jour. Range and Desert Research, 19 (1): 72-81. (In Persian).

Kurzyna-Mlynik, R., Oskolaski, A.A., Downie, SR., Kopacz, R., Dzka, AW, and Spalik, K., 2008. Phylogenetic position of the genus Ferula (Apiaceae) and its placement in tribe Scandiceae as inferred from nr DNA ITS sequence variation. Jour. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 274: 47-66.

Leyles, L., 1975. Possible effects of wind Erosion on soil productivity. Jour. Soil and Water Conservation, 30: 279-283.

Moghaddam, M R., 1998. Range and Range management. University of Tehran press, Tehran, Iran, 470p. (In Persian).

Moghaddam, M R., 2001. Quantitative plant ecology. University of Tehran press, Tehran, Iran, 285p. (In Persion).

Mozaffarian, V., 2007. Flora of Iran (Umbelliferae). Vol 54. Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands press, Tehran, Iran. 600pp. (In Persian).

Nodehi, N., Akbarlou, M., Sepehry, A., Vahid, H., 2014. Effect of topographical factors on distribution of Plants communities in semi-steppe grasslands (case study: ghorkhud Region in Northern Khorasan Province, Iran). Jour. Rangeland Science, 4 (4): 298-305. (In Persian).

Northup, B. K., Brown, J. R., Holt, J. A., 1999. Grazing impact on the spatial distribution of soil microbial biomass around tussock grasses in a tropical grassland. Jour. Applied Soil Ecology, 13:259-270.

Pimenov, M. & Leonov, M., 1993. The genera of Umbelliferae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 164p. UK.

Pimenov, M. & Leonov, M., 2004. The Asian Umbelliferae biodiversity database (ASIUM) with particular reference to South-West Asian taxa. Turkish Jour. Botany, 28: 139-145.

Rezaipoorbaghedar, A., Hakimi, M. H., Sadeghinia, M., Azimzadeh, H.R., 2011. Effect of some soil properties on distribution of Eurotia ceratoides and Stipa barbata in Baghedar, Bafgh rangelands. Jour. Rangeland Science, 4(1): 417-424. (In Persian).

Sheikh, S.A., Rabia. M., Rabia.S., Mohammad, N.A. & Tahir, A., 2014. Environmental diversification and spatial variations in riparian vegetation. Pakistan Jour. Botany, 46(4): 1203-1210.

Taghipour, A., Mesdaghi, M., Heshmati, Gh.A. & Rastgar, Sh., 2008. The effect of on distribution of range species at Hazar Jarib area of Behshahr. Jour. Agriculture Science and Natural Resource, 15(4): 195-205. (In Persian).

Tarmi, S., Helenius, J. & Hyvonen, T., 2009. Importance of edaphic, Spatial and management factors for plant communities of field boundaries. Jour. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 131: 201-206.

Xian-Li, Xu., Ke-Ming, Ma., Bo-Jie, Fu., Cheng-Jun, Song. & Wen, Liu. 2008. Relationships between vegetation and soil and topography in a dry warm river valley. SW China. Jour. Catena, 75: 138–145.

Yibing, Q., 2008. Impact of habitat heterogeneity on plant community pattern in Gurbantunggut Desert. Jour. Geographical Science, 14(4): 447-45.

Zare Chahouki, M. A., 2010. Data analysis in natural resources research using SPSS software. University of Tehran press, 310pp. (In Persian).

Zare Chahouki, M. A. & Zare Chahouki, A., 2010. Predicting the distribution of plant species using logistic regression. Jour. Desert, 15: 151-158. (In Persian).

Zare-Chahouki, M. A, & Piri-Sahragard, H., 2016. Maxent modelling for distribution of plant species habitats of rangelands (Iran). Polish Jour. Ecology, 64(4): 453-467. (In Persian).

Zhang, J. T. & Dong, Y., 2010. Factors affecting species diversity of plant communities and the restoration process in the loess area of China. Ecological Engineering Special Issue: Vegetation and Slope Stability, 36: 345-350.