Competition on Rangelands Utilizations Conflict Source among Users in Semi – Arid Areas at Eldebeibat, South Kordofan State–Sudan

Document Type: Research and Full Length Article


1 University of Zalingei, College of Forestry Sciences, Range Department, Central Darfur State & ndash; Sudan

2 Sudanese


This study was conducted at Eldebeibat area, in South Kordofan State, Sudan. The aim of this study was to assess the role of competition on rangelands’ utilization on occurrence of conflicts between land’s users in the semi-arid areas of Eldebeibat, Sudan. Two target questionnaires were designed to collect data from two groups of land users namely nomadic pastoralists and sedentary farmers that are using the area. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS).The results showed that, illiteracy was high in both groups. The crop production was the main source of income in the sedentary communities, while pastoralists practiced cultivation beside livestock rising at the same time. However, both groups preferred raising mixed species of livestock in their herds ‘structure. In addition, it was found that milk production represented the main goal of livestock keeping for the both groups. The results also indicated that the main reason of the livestock health deterioration was shortage of forage. Moreover, pastoralists followed restricted routes to practice grazing. All respondents included in this study, considered the occurrence of conflicts among them as normal phenomenon and the causes of conflicts are different between them. Most of the nomad pastoralists considered blockage of routes of livestock movement by farms as the main cause of conflicts, where as sedentary groups attributed occurrence of conflicts for damaging their farms by pastoralists’ livestock when entrance to and exit from grazing land and during grazing, that increased during rainy season in particular. The two groups resort to traditional local administration (Godeyah) for reconciliation and solving the conflicts among them.


Main Subjects

Ahmed, W. and Abu Sabah, M. 1993. Commission of Nomadic Peoples: Relevance of mobility to rangeland utilization: the Baggara transhumant of Southern Kordofan, Nomadic peoples number 32, 1993, Khartoum, Sudan.

Coppock, D. L. 1994. The Boranu plateau of Southern Ethiopia: Synthesis of pastoral research, development and change, 1980-1991. International livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Egeimi, O., Abdel Mohmood, M. and Sid Ahmed, A. 2003. Conflict transformation: Pastoralists and settled Farmers, Compas Magazine for endogenous development, Compas programs of ETC Foundation, Compas, P.O. Box 64, 3830 AB Leusden, the Netherland.

Elhassan, A. B. 2007. Kordofan, Sobat and Upper Nile Interim Evaluation Report, UNDP, Khartoum Sudan.

Fashir, G.A. 2014. Impacts Assessment of open Grazing System on Some Rangeland Environmental Components. Case study El Dilling locality. PhD. Thesis in Range Sciences. Sudan University of Science and Technology. Khartoum, Sudan.

Garcia, V. R. 1981. Drought and Man: The 1972 case history: nature pleads not guilty. Vol. 1.

Herren, U. J. 1990. The commercial sale of camel milk from pastoral herds in Mogadishu hinter land, Somalia. ODI pastoral Development Network, paper 30a. Overseas Development Institute (ODI). London, UK.

Morton, J. 1989. The decline of Lahaween pastoralism (Kassala province Eastern Sudan). ODF.

Musa, A. Shasha, 2001. African green belt. Republic of Sudan.

Salih, E. M. (2001). The Performance of Some Selected Natural Range plant Species at Babanousa Area (West Kordofan).Thesis submitted for Fulfillment of the Requirements of M. Sc in Range Management at Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

Thomas, G. W. 1980. The Sahelian/Sudanese Zones of Africa. Profile of a Fragile Environment Report to the Rockefeller Foundation. Rockefeller Foundation, New York, USA.

Tubiana, MJ and J Tubiana. 1977. The Zaghawa from ecological perspective Belkema, Rotterdom.

UNDP. 2006. United Nations Development Program. Pastoral Productions Systems in South Kordofan.Study (2), House 7, Block 5, P.O. Box: 913 Khartoum, Sudan.