Document Type: Short Communication
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Faculty of Social and Politics Sciences, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
The artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) activities has become the main source of income for the local people in Sekotong sub-district since 2008. However, the decreasing gold production enforce them to leave the ASGM activities and returned to the agricultural sector. The study aims to evaluate and develop a crop and beef cattle integration model in Sekotong sub-district, West Lombok district, Indonesia. The area was chosen purposively noting that Sekotong sub-district is the rural area of the district and had decreasing ASGM activities. The study was conducted with field research method consisted of case study, survey, in-depth interview and field observation to collect the data. In addition, the soil characteristics of Sekotong sub-district were also analyzed to determine the suitable crop in the proposed integrated system. The demographic, cattle population, crops availability, and farmer characteristics data were collected and potential crop and livestock integration model is proposed. The result showed that an integrated cattle and corn farming system under farmers group is recommended in order to increase cattle production and better farming management. In addition, other supporting farming practices which positively contribute to the system should be implemented in the model. The study concluded that an integrated cattle and corn farming model under guided farmer groups is recommended to support the farming practice by the local people who shifted back from ASGM into agricultural sector.