Effect of Wheat Straw Biochar and Lignite on Nutritional Value of Nitraria schoberi and Astragalus podolobus in Greenhouse Condition

Document Type : Research and Full Length Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate in Rangeland Management, Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Rangeland Management, College of Rangeland and Watershed Managemet, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran

3 AAssociate Professor, Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran

5 Assistant professor, Urmia University, facutly of Natural Resources code melli: 1382864817

Abstract

Most of rangeland soils are limited in their ability to supply adequate nutrients to plants. Soil conditioners have been shown to alter soil fertility and plant characteristics. This investigation aimed to evaluate the influence of two soil conditioner on nutrition value of N. schoberi and A. podolobus. For this, two separate experiments for each species were carried out in greenhouse using completely randomized design with three replications during 2018 and 2019. Treatments were four levels of wheat straw Biochar (WSB), as well as, lignite at rates of 0, 1.25%. 2.5% and 3.75% w/w added to clay loam soil. In the end of vegetative stage and before flowering, plant samples were taken and their Crude protein (CP) and Acid detergent fiber (ADF) content were measured and then Dry matter digestibility (DMD) and Metabolizable energy (ME) were calculated. Data were analyzed by One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means were compared using Duncan's test. The results demonstrated that WSB addition had no effect on nutrition value of both species. By application of Lignite, CP content of N. schoberi enhanced up to 44.45%, than that for control. The effect of lignite addition on nutrition value traits was high for N. schoberi. But this material had no effect on A. podolobus quality traits. Based on our findings, application of Lignite at 3.75 (w/w) recommended to improve soils of rangeland for cultivation of N. schoberi in dry-lands plantation projects or the conversion of dry lands to arable pastures.

Keywords


AhmadiBeni, M., Niknahad-Gharmakher, H., Azimi, M., Maramaei, M.G., 2014.Investigation of forage quality of Vetiveria zizanioides in semi-steppe region of Maravehtappeh, Golestan province, Iran. Journal of Rangeland Science, 4(4): 287-297.
Ahmadi, A., Gomaryan, M., Toranjzar, H., Ahmadloo, H., 2016. Changes in chemical composition and nutritive value of for halophyte shrubs at three phonological stages (Case study: marginal rangeland of Mighan playa). Journal of Rangeland, 10(1): 41-52. (In Persian).
Alberto, E.C., Resendez, A.M., Carrillo, M.G., Quiroga Garza, H.M., Garcia, O.A., 2018. Influence of biochar applied to soil on yield and quality attributes of fodder oats. Revista Terra Latinoamericana, 36(8): 221- 228.
Arzani, H., Motamedi, J., Jafary, M., Farahpour, M., Zarechahooki, M., 2014. Classification of forage quality index highland ranglands of Taleghan. Journal of Range and Desert Research, 20(2): 250-271. (In Persian).
Ashrafzadeh, M., Niknahad-Gharmakher, H., Saharkhiz, M.J., Ghorbani-Nahoji, M. Heshmati, Gh., 2019. Breaking seed dormancy of Clematis ispahanica and its optimum planting depth and density (Case study: Bavanat, Fars province). Journal of Range and Desert Research, 26 (3): 629-639. (In Persian).
Aslani, F., Niknahad, H., Fattahi,B., akbarloo, M. 2013. An investigation on the effects of soil factors on the distribution and density of two unwanted species of Rosa persica and Euphorbia macroclada in Lashgardar rangelands of Hamedan province. Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation, 1 (2): 43-58 (In Persian).
AOAC., 2000. Official methods of analysis. 7th Edition, Animal feed, chapter 4, p.54: Arlington: AOAC International.
Barnes, R.F., 1990. Biotechology in tall fescue impovement. pp. 1-12. In: M. J. Kasperbauer (ed.). Importance and problems of tall fescue.CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Behnam, H., Farokhiyanfirozi, A., Moezzi, A., 2017. Effect of biochar and compost sugarcane bagasse on some soil mechanical properties. Journal of water and soil conservation, 23 (4): 235-250. (In Persian).
Chan, K.Y., Van Zweiten, L., Meszaros, I., Downie, A., Joseph, S., 2007. Agronomic values of green waste biochar as a soil amendment. Soil Research, 45: 629-634.
Hafeez, Y., Iqbal, S., Jabeen, K., Shahzad, S., Jahan, S., Rasul, F., 2017. Effect of biochar on seed germination and seedling growth of Glycine max (L.)MERR.under drought stress. Journal of Botany, 49: 7-13.
Holechek, J.L., Pieper, R.D., Herbel, C.H., 2005. Range management principles and practices, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliff, 587P.
Hossain, M.K., Vladimir Strezov, V., Lester McCormick, L., Peter F., Nelson, P.F., 2015. Wastewater sludge and sludge biochar addition to soils for biomass production from Hyparrhenia hirta. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 82: 345-348.
Hu, L., Cao, L., and Zhang, R., 2013. Bacterial and fungal taxon changes in soil microbial community composition induced by short-term biochar amendment in red oxidized loam soil. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 30: 1085-1092.
Husk, B., and Major, J., 2011.Biochar commercial agriculture field trial in Quebec, Canada–Year Three: Effects of biochar on forage plant biomass quantity, quality and milk production. IBI [accessed 2018 Sep1]. http://www.blue-leaf.ca/main-en/report_a3.php
Huy, S., Borin, K., Preston, T.R., 2013.Effect of different levels of biochar on the yield and nutritive value of Celery cabbage (Brassica chinensis), Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis), Mustard green (Brassica juncea) and Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica). Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25(1): 57-64.
Jafari,M., Niknahad,H., Erfanzadeh, R.2003. Study of the effect of Haloxylon species on soil physicochemical properties and vegetation of Hosseinabad, Qom province.Biaban 8: 152-162. (In Persian).
Khadem, A., Raiesi, F., Besharati, H., 2018. A review of the effects of biochar application on soil physical, chemical and biological properties. Journal of Land Management, 5(1): 13-30. (In Persian).
Moghimi, J., 2006. Introducing some important species of rangeland. Aaron Press, Pages 669P. (In Persian).
Niknahad-Gharmakher, H., Mohammadi Gonbadi, A., Bairam Komaki, C., Honardoust,F. 2015. Determination of Suitable Lands for Sowing AlkaligrassPuccinelliadistans (Case Study: Agh-Ghala Rangelands, Golestan Province, Iran). Journal of Rangeland Science, 5(1):1-8.
Niknahad-Gharmakher, H., JafariFoutami, I., Sharifi,A. 2015. Effects of grazing exclusion on plant productivity and carbon sequestration (Case study: Gomishan rangelands, Golestan province, Iran). Journal of Rangeland Science, 5(2):122-134.
Rondon, M.A., Lehmann, J., Ramirez, J., Hurtado, M. 2007. Biological nitrogen fixation by common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) increases with bio-char additions. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 43: 699-708.
Rehman, M., Liu, L., Bashir, S., Saleem, M.H., Chen, C., Peng, D., Siddique, K.H. 2019. Influence of rice straw biochar on growth, antioxidant capacity and copper uptake in ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) grown as forage in aged copper-contaminated soil. Plant Physiolgy Biochemistry, 138:121–129.
Sanchez Gutierreza, R.A., Gutierrez Banuelos, H., SernaPereza, A., Gutierrez Luna, R., Espinoza Canales, A., 2014. Yield and forage quality of oats varieties under rainfed conditions in Zacatecas, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de CienciasPecuarias, 5(2): 131-142.
Shahrasbi, S., Emam, Y., Ronaghi, A., Pirasteh-Anosheh, H., 2015. Effect of drought stress and nitrogen fertilizer on grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Sirvan) in Fars province, Iran. Journal of Crop Sciences, 17 (4): 349-363. (In Persian).
Teodoro, M., Trakal, L., Gallagher, B.N., Simek, P., Soudek, P., Pohorely, M., Beesley, L., Jacka, L., Kovar, M., Seyedsadr, S., Mohan, D., 2019. Application of co-composted biochar significantly improved plant-growth relevant physical/chemical properties of a metal contaminated soil. Chemosphere, 242: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125255.
Zainul, A., Werner, K.H., Bernhard, H., GUL Bilquees, G., and Ajmal, K.M., 2017. Impact of a biochar or a compost-biochar mixture on water relation, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis phragmites karka.Pedosphere. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160 (17)60362-X.
Zare, M., Zandi Esfahan, E., Ghorbani, A., 2019. Forage quality of Salsola yazdiana and S. tomentosa in different growth stages in saline desert of Yazd province, Iran. Journal of Rangeland Science, 9(2): 104- 113.
Volume 11, Issue 1
January 2021
Pages 44-53
  • Receive Date: 25 January 2020
  • Revise Date: 10 July 2020
  • Accept Date: 15 July 2020
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2021