Document Type : Research and Full Length Article
Ph.D. Student of Rangeland Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, Science and Research, Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran., Iran
University of Tehran
Department of range management, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
university of Tehran
Economic, social, and ecological factors in rangelands affect range management. By integrating and studying these factors, a more appropriate method can be applied to assess the sustainability of rangelands. In the present study, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), as well as the experiences and views of rangeland exploiters and nomadic and natural resources experts in Kerman province, were used to compare and prioritize the economic, social, and ecological factors affecting sustainable range management in semi-arid rangelands of Kerman province, in 2017. Then, the mean difference test was used to compare the means of priorities rank of exploiters and experts. Our results showed that ecological capital had the most impact on sustainable range management in Kerman province, and the two other factors including social and economic capital were ranked in the following order, respectively. Furthermore, according to the results of comparing the views of exploiters and experts, significant differences were found between the views of the two mentioned groups for 14 indicators including plant species diversity, soil erosion, groundwater, unity and solidarity at the range allotment level, trusting the experts and promoters, the presence of people in decision making and planning, the presence and role of women in livestock and non-livestock products, living cost, and livestock number. Overall, the results indicate the inconsistency between the views of these two groups in Kerman province; therefore, prior to policy making for sustainable range management, more consistency is required between the views of rangeland exploiters and experts in each of the related organizations for greater participation of range managers.